This section provides links to other coverage of the N-
N1 Reference links in English.
N1 Image Links.
Fun N1 links.
Russian N1 links.
Useful N1 searches.
The Wikipedia pages are a good starting point if you are new to the N-
Key people on the program on Wikipedia.
Chief designer of spacecraft for the Soviet Union, Korolev was a brilliant engineer and inspirational leader.
The Soviet Union’s foremost rocket engine designer, he had a major falling out with
Korolev over the N-
He succeeded Korolev as head of the N-
The first man to walk in space, his level head in a crisis made him first choice for landing on the Moon.
A Korolev deputy, he kept extensive diaries throughout the peak of the Soviet Space Era. These have been professionally translated in his four volume biography, (Rockets and People), and are freely available for download. PDF, MOBI and EPUB formats. They are extremely well written, and should be considered essential reading for anyone interested in the Soviet Space Program, particularly volumes 3 and 4.
Other reference sites in English on the web:
The corporation that grew out of the N-
A highly detailed space encyclopaedia type site, this one concentrating on Russian / Soviet programs, current and historical information with good cross references.
A nice illustrated summary of the Soviet Lunar program.
Marcus has produced a very good comprehensive history of the Soviet Manned Lunar Program. (However please note my Russian contacts deny that Glushko had anything to do with Korolev being sent to a forced labour camp).
A vast site with all sorts of information on every space program. Impressive in its scope, though graphics are often VERY small.
Charles Vick’s excellent site has a wealth of information, and its worth working through. Here I highlight 3 pages, 2 mission profiles, and his take on why the program failed.
Another nice article on the Lunar program.
An interview with Dr Georgi Grechko from 1973, covering the N1-
A personal interview on the lunar program with Korolev’s successor. I consider this a very important article.
A personal interview with the son of Soviet leader Krushchev. It includes much information of relations between Korolev and Glushko
This interview covers much of Korolev’s life, the working conditions, and US vs USSR lunar programs.
Short BBC news item on the N-
An excellent 220 page NASA PDF document covering the history of the Russian manned space program, including the plans for the manned flight to the Moon.
Martin has a huge number of photos taken of the facilities at Baikonur, and you can see high resolution views, excellent! This chunk focuses on the ‘Grasshopper’ carrier.
An impressive set of close-
Rather unusual this one -
Not content with making a huge physical model of the N-
The Space Museum’s photos of the LK Lander when it was at Euro Disney. And what the *!?$ was it doing there?
This is Soviet hardware, so you are likely to find a lot more information if you
search n the Russian language -
“Buran” Site Russian language site including some very good high resolution pictures
of the LOK. Many, but not all, sections are also in English. A huge site, well illustrated.
Photos from many missions, largely of museum exhibits.
For me the most useful photos were of the LK Lander
A very good source of plans, photos, and diagrams. Aimed at those making physical
models, but great for everyone.
A general resource for anyone interested in modelling space vehicles, the Yahoo group.
Although physical models dominate, the reference stuff is useful to digital modellers.
German language site, with large versions of many of the best known N-
Of course, online translation is there to help you understand. I prefer Google in general, but sometimes Babelfish does a better job with acronyms. Try translating other key phrases into Russian, and feeding them into search engines.
Interview with Mishin, who succeeded Korolev as head of the N-
This page links to many, many online books and articles about the Soviet space program
Loads of detailed information N-
Novosti Kosmonavtiki / Cosmonautics News
This excellent Russian language site has huge image galleries and forums – almost
exclusively a Russian language site, but worth visiting the image galleries even
if you speak no Russian at all. The forums are seething with experts on the soviet
space programs. The site is hosted by a Russian cosmonautics magazine, but unfortunately
you cannot subscribe from outside Russia. Some articles are online too.